New extension away from Islam resulted in the new diffusion regarding qanats in the Mediterranean and main Europe

New extension away from Islam resulted in the new diffusion regarding qanats in the Mediterranean and main Europe

  • The book “The fresh Science out-of Powering Water in town of Damascus or an effective Treatise toward Science from Water” of the Sheikh Muhammad Husayn al-Attar.
  • Finally, i choose from that which was mentioned from the guide “Al-Filaha” from the Ibn al-Awam (on folks of the sixth millennium AH) to your methods of inferring the clear presence of h2o about ground when digging wells, the spot where the guide showed that they are split:
  • Whenever seeing brand new dew on the eye and you can touching it with the newest give, particularly within the basic hour throughout the day and last hr of it.
  • In the event the rocks of hill is actually dusty that have okay dirt, chances are they fold, mean the existence of h2o, along with the abundance of liquid as well as reduced level of dew.
  • From the eavesdropping at first glance of mountain, in case the mountain hears a steady voice in a single state that doesn’t differ, the latest sound off liquids are.
  • In the event the floor is black or most dirty, gluey should your tiniest h2o strikes it, this indicates the presence of liquids.
  • If your ground tastes in the place of resentment and you may salinity, then it is watery.
  • In the event that chamomile, basil, mullet, and you may borage can be found, up coming h2o is within the surface.
  • When your floor has the aroma of the mud taken from streams and streams, then h2o is nearly the surface of the earth.

3.step 1.3.6 Qanat (Water Station)

Over the years, new aqueduct-for example qanat technology, the system out-of supplying h2o from inside the canals over long distances, was created from the Persians in the center of the first 100 years BC, and soon after spread towards the Arabian Peninsula and you will Egypt. In the Islamic day and age, streams turned probably one of the most energetic strategies for providing drinking water in countries you to definitely didn’t have direct access to your resource of liquid. Such innovation were neither create neither enhanced however, endured through Byzantine and you will early gothic times. Knowledge and experience of Muslim ancestors you certainly will nonetheless play an important character for the green water supply in both set up and development nations, sometimes at this time or in tomorrow. Aqueducts otherwise qanats technologies are characterized by its resilience and durability and are usually however used in several parts of the world. It ought to be indexed that the qanat system is named aqueduct in the Europe, qanat within the Iran, faggora for the Algeria, khattara during the Morocco, kariga in the Tunisia, sahreej from inside the Yemen, falaj regarding Arab Emirates and you can Oman, and you may Kariz when you look at the main Asia. [183, 184, and you can 185].

Afterwards, the newest Ottomans implemented earlier processes of h2o qanat, reintroducing highest-size aqueducts to supply its emerging cities having adequate liquid to possess spiritual and you can societal objectives including drinking

Over the years, the newest aqueduct-for example qanat tech was made by Persians regarding the ca. center of 1st 100 years BC and soon after pass on into Arabian Peninsula and you will Egypt.

New qanat, a the law of gravity-fed water supply program consisting of an underground canal linked to the outside from the a series of shafts, is generally adopted across the arid parts of the brand new Muslim business so when much since the Xianging state inside the China [187, 188]

Karez indexed the h2o canal titled faqara otherwise faggara, got common later on inside Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria. It’s a network utilized in the brand new wilderness town to carry groundwater on the surface of one’s planet for use in taking, irrigation and animals watering .

Thabet 2019 documented you to Al-Faggara, are seen as the main body organ for lifetime in the wilderness, from inside the southern area Algeria. Al-Faggara inside the Algeria would-have-been produced on 11th and you may 12th many years from the Este Malik El Mansur, who has got dug the first foggara fifteen km from Adrar within a location named Tamantit . Next, Al-Faggara was made in Touat and Gourara and you will Tidikelt by the Arab-Berber people[194, 195]. Al- faggara consists of searching below ground art galleries (canals) in an exceedingly low slope which will signup and you can infiltrate this new upstream groundwater aquifer of the plateau. Liquid on water-table of your aquifer seeps along side walls of your own underground art galleries (canals) and you may variations a long-term water load. This type of below ground art galleries try noted on top of the manholes that ensure it is restoration and you will periodic cleaning away from mud cluttering new art galleries. Today, that it ancestral hydraulic system still works even with good battle from other bring procedure for example motor pumps and you will screwing.

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